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BEC中級閱讀真題精講(8)

2018-01-10 14:58

來源:互聯網

作者:

  Managing a career on the way up is quite different from managing one at the top of an organisation. Individuals on the way up have to build relationships with the people they (19)to.They usually have to (20) with subordinates in addition to people at the same level as themselves. The most senior staff only have those under them to relate to. This book (21)the idea that all working relationships, including the relationship with one's boss, can and should be managed.

  You do not have to be (22) than your manager in order to manage the relationship. Nor do you have to be better than your manager in any (23).Your manager may well be your career (24) and guide: he or she may have taught you almost everything you know about your(25) of business - and may continue to teach you more. You may be planning to remain under his or her guidance in the future. None of these (26)should alter your relationship with your manager or (27) you off 'managing upwards'. I use this phrase to (28) to the management of one's bossbecause, for many people on the way up, it is the first relationship they have to get right.

  You can, of course, get on at work just by (29) positively to your manager, but that is not likely to be the most successful way to (30) your working life. An active policy of managing upwards will make you more successful and, at the same time, make the business of going to work more enjoyable. It can also be a way to show (31) to your manager for the efforts he or she has made on your (32) Finally, managing upwards will make it easier for your manager to manage you,leaving him or her more time for other (33) and tasks.

  19 A notify B inform Caccount D report

  20 A unite B contact C handle D deal

  21 A promotes B presses C advertises Dconvinces

  22 A clearer B deeperCsmarter Dfuller

  23 A respect B fashion Cpart D means

  24 A leader B supporter C adviser D helper

  25 A courseB line C path Droute

  26 A factors B aspects Ccauses D topics

  27 A put B see C keep D take

  28 A specify B identify C indicate D refer

  29 A giving B operating C reacting D co-operating

  30 A run B forward C move D make

  31 A appraisal B value C appreciation D regard

  32 A advantage B benefit C side D behalf

  33 A posts B roles C positions D acts

  Managing upwards,打理同上司的關系。

  19題,report to,對什么。。。負責,隸屬;從屬。用在這里句子意思正好:處于上升階段的個人需要同他們所從屬的人處理好關系。A、B的詞后面都接of,account to 是解釋的意思,用在這里意思不對。

  20題,聯系此空上下文,應該是說處理與下屬的關系。deal with后接somebody是表示處理和某人的關系。A、B意思不對,C是及物動詞,后面不需要with。

  21題,promote促進,推動。promote the idea,推動某個想法。

  22題,根據意思選詞。處理與上司的關系不需要比上司更聰明。其他幾個詞用在此處的話都有些怪異,很容易排除。

  23題,respect,指方面。與aspect同義。常見的用法。

  24題,這個空要聯系上下文,并且參考后面的guide?!癶e or she may have taught you almost everything you know”,也就是說TA會對你的工作進行很多指導,因為有taught,所以不是supporter或者helper,選leader又感覺拉遠了距離,因此選adviser。

  25題,一個讓人頭疼的商業英語固定詞組。line of business,有業務和經營產品的意思。提供幾個例句就很好理解含義了:

  We specialize in this line of business我們專門經營此項服務;

  Does this item come under your line of business? 我想知道這種產品屬您經營的范圍嗎?

  You meet some very interesting people in my line of business干我們這行,你會遇到很多有趣的人。

  26題,根據前后文意思,選factors,因素。

  27題,put off一般表示延遲,但它還有一個不太出名的意思是阻礙。see off,送行;keep off,遠離;take off,起飛。

  28題,根據意思選refer to,提及,描述。

  29題,react to,固定搭配,對什么作出反應。用在這里意思也吻合。

  30題,the most successful way to (30) your working life,意思上應該填入表示經營、管理等的意思,run有這個意思。C和D 用法不對,forward something是指轉發郵件。

  31題,appreciation,,表示感激之情。

  32題,on one’s behalf,站在某人的立場上,為某人的利益。此處的意思是對他為你所做出的努力表示感激。

  33題,role,職能,角色。為經理騰出空來扮演其他的角色。position是位置,位置一直是經理,沒別的;act是行為,法案。

(編輯:何瑩瑩)

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